Panic disorder, symptoms, causes and treatment

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panic disorder

Panic disorder Patricia Koenig or Panic disorder * or what is also called ” Cardiac soft ” or ” neurotic into the heart ” of anxiety or fear serious happens instantaneously. Unexpectedly, that is, it happened spontaneously without knowing the cause. which each symptom will be present for a short time and will disappear and symptoms may recur from time to time causing some patients to fear that they will have heart disease or fear that they will die In fact, this disease is not dangerous. And if the patient receives serious and continuous treatment, they will be able to lead a normal life.

Panic disorder is a disease that affects about 2-5% of the general population. and found in women 2-3 times more than men.

Cause of panic disorder

At present, the exact cause is unknown. But assume the disease may be associate with a genetic predisposition. Because it is found that those who have parents. And siblings with this disease are more likely to have this disease than the general population. It may also involve psychological and biological factors.

psychological factors 

It is believe that the anxiety that arises is imitate by parents. Who have had the same symptoms as the patient. Or cause by the patient having panic attacks while having a stimulus or being in a certain place. And when encountering a stimulus or a place like that, it makes the symptoms aggravate

biological factors 

It was found that the patient’s sympathetic autonomic nervous system was sensitive to various stimuli. Or had an abnormal response to Neurotransmitters, including Norepinephrine, Serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid. (Gamma-aminobutyric acid – GABA) or may be cause by various inducers. Such as carbon dioxide concentration 5-35%, Sodium lactate, Sodium bicarbonate, yohimbin, Fenfluramine, Caffeine, etc.

symptoms of panic disorder

Patients usually develop symptoms for the first time between 17 and 30 years of age (average 25 years), with sudden, unexpected and intense anxiety or fear. can predict when it will happen. The kind that suddenly comes up with a stubborn thing without any stimulus) and the patient will have this kind of recurrence often. Some may be 2-3 times a week. Or in some cases it may be many times a day and may not be able to sleep at night. As a result of having these symptoms often, many patients have anxiety as a result, such as fear of having symptoms again. or fear that they will have some kind of disease, etc., which each time the patient has the following symptoms from 4 or more